How do I prevent acne?
Acne is a common skin problem. It is common during puberty, but adults can also suffer from it. About 95% of people up to age 30 have blemished skin. With adults over 35, it is about 3% of the people.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin condition that occurs in the form of pimples, blackheads, red bumps, and subcutaneous inflammation. Acne usually occurs on the face and other areas of the body such as the shoulders, back, and chest.
Acne occurs because the sebaceous glands in the skin become clogged. These glands produce sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that protects the skin and provides hydration. If too much sebum is produced, it can cause pores to become clogged. The clogging of pores by sebum, dead skin cells, or bacteria can lead to the development of pimples, blackheads, and other forms of acne.
The causes of acne
The causes of acne may be as follows:
Our body often experiences hormonal changes. For example, hormonal changes occur during puberty or menstruation. This type of change stimulates the sebaceous glands which in turn can lead to excessive sebum production.
Acne can be partly genetic. It just may not be the only reason acne develops.
- Sebum production
Some people naturally suffer from excessive production of sebum. This can lead to clogging and acne.
Certain foods can affect acne. Avoid foods high in sugar or carbohydrates such as cookies, candy, ice cream, white bread, white rice, and potatoes. These types of foods can cause sebum production to increase and worsen acne. It is important to eat a healthy diet and drink enough water. Getting enough water daily keeps the skin hydrated.
Stress causes hormone disruption which increases sebum production.
- Touching the skin
Touching the skin too much and squeezing pimples can cause new pimples and scarring. Touch the skin as little as possible. This prevents irritation and the spread of bacteria.
How to prevent acne?
Acne cannot be completely prevented. However, we can give our skin a helping hand. It is important to keep the causes of acne well in mind. Prevent the causes as much as possible by avoiding stress and paying attention to diet, for example.
In addition, it is very important to cleanse and care for your skin with the right products.
- Cleanse: Cleanse your skin daily with a good cleanser. This removes excess sebum and bacteria from the skin's surface. To minimize skin irritation, it is best to choose a soap-free cleanser.
- Exfoliate: Exfoliating or scrubbing helps to remove dead skin cells, stimulate cell renewal, and clear and keep pores clear. Make sure you choose an exfoliant that is suitable for your skin type to avoid irritation.
- Hydrate: Hydrating the skin is hugely important, also when fighting acne. In fact, hydration ensures healthy and strong skin. It also helps to balance sebum production and reduce inflammation.
- Spot treatment: Some pimples can be treated with a spot treatment. This can help reduce inflammation and promote healing. Spot treatment reduces dark spots and scarring. Some active ingredients suitable for this are salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and tea tree oil.
Ingredients against acne and blemishes:
Tea Tree oil
Products containing tea tree oil can help well with blemished skin. This is because tea tree oil is a natural ingredient that is anti-inflammatory and antibacterial.
Retinoid is a collective name for different types of vitamin A. This ingredient helps acne-prone skin by stimulating the growth of healthy cells. This opens pores and reduces the accumulation of sebum and dead skin cells.
Retinol is the strongest type of retinoid available without a prescription. It helps not only against acne and blemishes but also against pigmentation spots, wound healing, and scar reduction.
Hyaluronic acid is a good ingredient to provide moisture if you suffer from sensitive or acne-prone skin. Because it is water-based, it will not clog pores. It improves skin texture and has anti-inflammatory properties that make it effective against redness and reduce the appearance of acne spots.
This ingredient helps reduce inflammation and regulate sebum production. In addition, it helps reduce the appearance of pores and improves skin texture.
So acne is a common problem that occurs because the sebaceous glands become clogged. It cannot be completely prevented, but there are plenty of steps you can take to minimize the likelihood of acne. In doing so, it is important to cleanse and moisturize the skin, eat healthily, and avoid stress.